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I Proposed innovation
The system based on the use of the solar power that accumulates regulates and controls the energy consumption of the building through the control of operations of all devices and energy-consuming elements of the building, including the equipment (TV set, computer, fridge, etc.), heating and water supply system, windows shutters, the lighting of the interior and exterior, while owners of the buildings can sell out the excess of energy accumulated by the system.
II Introduction and background
Today, the problem of environmental protection is one of the major challenges to contemporary society. In actuality, this problem is global and affects the entire global community. In such a situation, the ineffective use of technology and excessive energy consumption by buildings, both households and public or private buildings used for other purposes, contributes consistently to the aggravation of environmental pollution. Traditionally, technologies, including information technologies, have been viewed as the major source and driver of energy consumption growth. To a significant extent, such a view on the technology was right because the technology’s progress stimulated the wider use of new devices, machines and equipment that required more and more energy.
At the same time, today, technology can contribute to the solution or prevention of excessive energy consumption and, therefore, the problem of environmental pollution. In this regard, the proposed system will accumulate energy using the power of the son. Solar batteries installed on the roof of buildings can accumulate energy. In contrast, the information system connected to all the building’s equipment and systems will distribute the energy. In contrast, the excess of the accumulated energy may be sold by the building owner to third parties. In fact, contemporary information technologies and modern telecommunication systems allow monitoring and control the performance of virtually all equipment within buildings. In such a situation, there is a potential possibility of creating smart houses or buildings, which can be controlled by the information system. In this regard, it is possible to suggest developing the information system that focuses on the regulation and control of functioning of the equipment, heating and water supply system, windows shutters, the lighting of the interior and exterior and other elements and parts of buildings that consume energy can help to minimize the energy waste and to maximize the energy efficiency of buildings. Existing smart houses, projects and systems focus on saving energy. Still, they do not provide an efficient system of control over the use of energy and energy consumption by different elements of the building or equipment. The distinct feature of the innovative system is the focus on the optimization of each element of the building’s performance to maximize the efficiency of the energy consumption that will make households and other buildings energy efficient and, thus, will cut the energy consumption consistently. Besides, the new system will optimize the use of the energy by the building and allow users to sell out the excess of energy accumulated by solar batteries.