5 Most Common Types of Cyber Attack

The tremendous benefits of modern technology are not without significant costs – although, as you’ll see in this article, nearly all of these costs can be mitigated. Connecting with the World Wide Web has more benefits than it does risks – especially when it comes to your business. Liabilities mount with increased exposure, and it’s worth it to invest in products such as eDiscovery services by CBI cyber security specialists to ensure your digital information is as secure as possible in the current era.

Here’ we investigate a handful of the most common cyber attacks that businesses – and people – have to deal with.

DDoS – Distributed Denial of Service Attacks

The gist of a DDoS attack centers on overloading your network with requests, which forces it to shut down or be unable to weed out legitimate traffic. It was a most-effective attack in the early days of the Web, when data allocation was small.

This method uses many computers to attack one; your network may either be the target of such an attack, or have workstations co opted to function as one of many digital tentacles in an overall assault. The good news is that, unless you’re a big corporation, it’s unlikely that attackers would use the many resources necessary to launch a successful DDoS. Prevention revolves around consistent software updates and monitoring of systems for unexpected traffic spikes.

Malware Intrusions

Malware is the bane of software, and describes ill-intentioned programs that are meant to compromise your computer systems in some way. Although it’s a broad term, it usually describes worms, Viruses and Trojans. Unlike the DDoS attack, malware doesn’t come through a network as an external attack, but requires some action by a user at a workstation. If you download email attachments, and click on obscure links, these are ways how your system can become infected.

The best defense against malware is an antivirus and/or robust firewall. A good antivirus or antimalware software continually updates its database, so that it can identify and block evolving viruses, as well as new ones. Make sure your information technology department prioritizes malware protection updates as well as the network firewall.

MITM Subterfuge

MITM stands for Man in the Middle, and it’s a nefarious type of sneak attack that co-opts your communication with another machine. For example, if you’re using your tablet to connect to a financial site, the MITM attack manifests by presenting you with an almost identical website that’s actually an impersonation of the legitimate site. You enter your personal details, and now the attackers can access your accounts.

You can greatly minimize the effectiveness of this type of attack by always using an encrypted wireless network with a secure access point. Otherwise, an outside viewer will have access to any information you send to other networks.


This type of attack is somewhat similar to the MITM, except it more often comes via email instead of insecure wireless access points. As such, social engineering plays a much bigger factor here. You essentially initiate the attack by entering your personal information into a form or by clicking a link to an ad that appears in your inbox.

You can avoid phishing attacks by establishing verification methods for all emails. Companies, almost to the last one, avoid asking for personal details over email, so you should be very skeptical of such a request. Call the listed company first, before clicking on the link, in order to verify. Or conduct a web search to see if there’s information on phishing scams associated with that address.

Password Hack

This is one of the more difficult types of attacks to execute, given how hard it is to crack a password. If you use very poor ones, or have somehow leaked your password, then you could be subject to one of these. The solution is comparatively easy when compared to the above: create very strong passwords consisting of a special character or two, and interspersed with numbers and capital letters. These are virtually impossible to break using brute-force methods.

Tomi Adewole is an influencer marketing pro with brownboxbranding.com who is passionate about building authentic relationships and helping businesses connect with their ideal online audience. He keeps his finger on the pulse of the ever-evolving digital marketing world by writing on the latest marketing advancements and focuses on developing customized blogger outreach plans based on industry and competition.

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