Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Technologies

The term circuit technology usually refers to the various techniques that used in the manufacture of electrical circuits. A large number of devices that are used today make use of printed circuit boards (PCBs). These devices provide a mechanical support for the various components present within the given device and also, the electrical connections between the components. The electrical connections present on the PCB are made out of copper sheets that are laminated on a non-conducting material. Initially a large copper sheet is laminated on the board and then the sections that are not required are removed. Various techniques are used for removal of unwanted copper. Some of them are: Silk Screen Printing: In this technique, an etching resistant ink is applied on those areas that are required and the remaining part is etched off. Photoengraving: Here a photo mask of the circuit required is prepared using desired software and then, it is applied onto the blank PCB. After this the portions that are not required are etched off. PCB Milling: In this technique, a mechanical milling system that can work on 2 or 3 dimensions is used to remove the copper. The milling system is controlled by software.

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