Diseases of the abdomen are usually confused with one another as their symptoms are similar. The most common symptom among them is a pain in the abdominal region. Usually, the lower abdomen’s pain can relate to problems with the reproductive system or urinary system.
Your pain can not define the severity or type of problem. So it is always necessary to rule out the root cause behind your ailment without any delay.
What does a Urologist mean?
A urologist is a specialist doctor specializing in the urinary system- the kidneys, urinary bladder, adrenal glands, urethra, and male reproductive organs—and male fertility.
People are sometimes clueless about their disease and whom they should consult for the treatment of that disease.
Here are the 5 most common diseases dealt with by urologists. If you have any symptoms of these medical conditions, you should immediately search for the best urologist near you.
Urinary tract infections (UTI)
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection of the urinary system. This type of infection can cause urethritis that involves your urethra, infection in kidneys called pyelonephritis, or bladder infection called cystitis).
Common symptoms of UTI:
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Frequent or intense urge to urinate
- Fever or chills
- Lower abdominal pain
Causes of UTI:
- Sexual intercourse
- Poor hygiene
- Bowel incontinence
Kidney stones are formed in the kidneys by the accumulation of chemicals in the urine. When traveled towards the ureters-thin tubes that allow urine to pass from the kidney to the bladder, these stones cause pain.
Common symptoms of Kidney stones:
- pain in the side of your abdomen or groin – men may have pain in their testicles.
- a high body temperature
- feeling sweaty
- severe pain
- nausea or vomiting
- blood in your urine
- urine infection
Causes of Kidney stones
Kidney stones are formed when your urine has more chemicals like calcium, oxalate, and uric acid. These chemicals form crystals in an ideal environment when the urine lacks its normal consistency.
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis. The prostate is present in front of the rectum. The urethra runs through the prostate center, from the bladder to the penis, giving urine a passage to flow out of the body. The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.
In older adults, prostate enlargement is very common, and prostate cancer is also one of the most common cancers in men. Your urologist can diagnose these problems and treat your disease.
Symptoms of the enlarged prostate gland:
- Frequent or intense urge to urinate.
- Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
- Difficulty starting urination
- Dribbling at the end of urination
- Inability to empty the bladder
The cause of prostate gland enlargement is unknown. But it is believed that with the advancement in age, hormonal imbalance can cause this problem in older men.
Kidney and bladder cancer
At the early stages, kidney and bladder cancer prognosis is not so bad. But if the cancer of these organs diagnosed at the last stages, the survival chances are very less.
Bladder cancer is one of the common cancers both in males and females. Usually, bladder tumors may travel towards the kidneys.
Symptoms of Urinary tract cancer:
- Being unable to urinate
- Lower back pain on one side
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
- Weakness and tiredness
- Swelling in the feet
- Bone pain
These symptoms are quite common and like other disease symptoms. So it is always advisable to get it checked by health specialists if your symptoms are persistent and increasing with time.
Male infertility is a medical condition that is also treated by urologists. They can take your medical and family history and do a physical examination. Blood and semen analysis is also helpful in diagnosing infertility in men.
Symptoms of male infertility:
- Premature ejaculation
- Erectile dysfunction
- Reduced sexual desire
- Difficulty with ejaculation and its volume
These are some of the important symptoms of this problem.
You can consult the best urologist in Lahore for further information. It is better to get it diagnosed rather than being shy.
Your health specialist can resolve your issue and understand your symptoms. Usually, people consider frequent urinating and difficulty in urination as minor symptoms. But they can be the symptom of a serious underlying disease. So it is important to consult the best urologist for your diagnosis and treatment.